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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. COPD is a progressive disease, meaning it typically worsens over time. Eventually everyday activities, such as walking or getting dressed, become difficult. 

Tobacco smoking is the most common cause of COPD, with factors such as air pollution and genetics playing a smaller role. Long-term exposure to irritants causes an inflammatory response in the lungs, resulting in narrowing of the small airways and breakdown of lung tissue. The diagnosis is based on poor airflow as measured by lung function tests. In contrast to asthma, the airflow reduction does not improve much with the use of a bronchodilator.

Most cases of COPD can be prevented by reducing exposure to risk factors. While treatment can slow worsening, there is no cure.COPD treatments include stopping smokingvaccinationsrespiratory rehabilitation, and often inhaled bronchodilators and steroids. Some people may benefit from long-term oxygen therapy or lung transplantation. In those who have periods of acute worsening, increased use of medications and hospitalization may be needed.

Dr. Kaur at VIVAA will discuss all the risk factors that are involved and then develop a personalized plan that can prevent the progression of COPD. She can help patients quit smoking with the help of medications and patches that in turn will slow down the worsening of COPD. Getting people back to thier normal activity level without shortness of breath is her goal. 



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